Clustering High Scorers by Shot Type

People like arguing about the relative greatness of great basketball players. This desire often sees itself expressed in…less than optimally informed ways.

One way to help sharpen such arguments is to get a better feel for which players are more or less similar to each other, and thus what specific player comparisons are most salient fodder for Twitter spats. Such is my task in this post: to arrange the best scorers of the past several decades into distinct flavors, determined by where an the court they get their looks.

Assembling top scorers’ shot data

My first step in this data project is to gather shooting and scoring data for some large set of top players. I use the stats.nba.com API to get season scoring averages for all qualifying players over since 1996-97 (when shotchart data is first made available in suitable form), and I then select the top 100 player-seasons by raw points per game, corresponding to a lower bound of about 25 ppg. After a bit of processing, the resulting list looks something like:

Table 1: Preview of Top Scorers Since ’96-97
Rank Player Year PPG TS %
1 Kobe Bryant 2005-06 35.4 0.559
2 Allen Iverson 2005-06 33.0 0.543
3 Tracy McGrady 2002-03 32.1 0.564
4 Kevin Durant 2013-14 32.0 0.635
5 Russell Westbrook 2016-17 31.6 0.554
99 Kawhi Leonard 2016-17 25.5 0.610
100 Monta Ellis 2009-10 25.5 0.517

An obvious point of comparison for high scorers is efficiency, captured by their true shooting percentages – the equivalent of field goal percentages that take account of the extra points that guys get from three-pointers and free throws, as well as the extra shot attempts that free throws represent (\(TS \% = (TotalPts / 2) / (FgAtt + 0.44*FtAtt)\)). All else equal, guys who get buckets more efficiently can be reasonably thought of as superior scorers.

The following graph gives an overview of how top scorers shake out with respect to efficiency and prolificacy. Each top-100 scorer since ’96-97 is represented by a dot, placed according to true shooting percentage and points per game, with some notable seasons highlighted. The distribution of these top scorers with respect to TS% is shown by the blue-shaded density region at the top of the graph; this is contrasted to the gray-shaded density region, which corresponds to the distribution of all eligible (58+ games played) player-seasons across the league since ’96-97. Likewise, the dotted blue vertical line gives the cumulative shooting percentage for all top scorers, while the dotted gray line gives the cumulative league-wide percentage.

A few things here stand out:

  • Three seasons – Kobe ’05-’06 (extreme high scoring), KD ’13-14 (high scoring/high efficiency), and Steph ’15-16 (extreme high efficiency) – are clearly on the frontier of Excellence in Getting Buckets;
  • By in large, top scorers get their points more efficiently than do average Joes;
  • Turn-of-the-century AI very much did not get his points more efficiently than the average Joe;
  • Aside from Steph’s freakish ’15-16 season, LeBron and KD own all of the highest efficienty high-scoring seasons since ’96-97;
  • There’s very little relationship between efficiency and prolificacy among the league’s top scorers (though again, top scorers in general tend to be more efficient than guys who score at more pedestrian rates).
Scatterplot of all top 100 scorers since 1996-97, PPG vs TS%, with marginal distributions of top scorer shooting percentages (blue) and all player shooting percentages (grey)

Figure 1: Scatterplot of all top 100 scorers since 1996-97, PPG vs TS%, with marginal distributions of top scorer shooting percentages (blue) and all player shooting percentages (grey)

Grouping similar scorers

With a list of top scorers in hand, I again use the stats.nba.com API to download detailed shotchart data for each of these player-seasons (i.e. data giving the exact location and outcome of each shot the player takes in the given season). Using these data, I calculate the proportion of shot-equivalents for each player in the following six categories:

  • Free throws (each worth 0.44 of a shot equivalent),
  • Shots in the restricted area,
  • Shots in the paint, outside the restricted area,
  • Midrange shots outside the paint but within 17 feet,
  • Midrange two-point shots longer than 17 feet,
  • Three point shots (with backcourt heaves removed).

I then cluster players by the similarity of where they get shots. Another of potential clustering approaches are available for this task. Model-based clustering and hierarchical clustering techniques are potentially powerful, but they don’t provide any obvious benefits in this case relative to a standard k-means clustering process, which I perform using the stats::kmeans() function in R. Briefly, what this method does here is to divide the observations into \(k\) different groups, with group membership chosen such that the cumulative distance of each observation to its group’s center in \(n\)-dimensional space is minimized, where \(n\) is the number of variables that one uses to inform the clustering.

This clustering method is easy to carry out, and its results are easy to interpret. One downside is that the user must manually specify the number of clusters that they’re looking for, which can be a bit arbitrary. There are relatively principled ways to go about this selection, however. One standard approach is to look at a graph of total within-cluster sums of squares for progressively higher numbers of clusters. If there is a distinct bend in the graph – i.e. a spot at which additional clusters start doing little to reduce the total sum of squares – then the location of that that bend corresponds to a good choice for number of clusters. The graph below shows such a graph for our 100 top scorers.

Goodness of cluster fit (WSS) as function of number of clusters

Figure 2: Goodness of cluster fit (WSS) as function of number of clusters

With an appropriate level of eye squinting, one can pick out ‘five’ as the cluster count at which improvement in cluster sums of squares levels off most dramatically. To bolster this choice of cluster count, one can (read: should) examine what the clusters themselves look like as they increase in number. In the following section, I discuss some substantive qualities of the different clusters. Performing such substantive assessments for four and fewer clusters, I find that meaningfully distinct scorer types are lumped together. Performing the assessments for six and more clusters, I find that additional distinctions tend to be of the hair-splitting variety, with each new cluster qualitatively similar to some existing cluster. Five, then, is number of clusters I use for my analysis.

Looking at scorer types

Now for the meat of the post: which top scorers most resemble each other, and what characterizes these resemblences?

As mentioned above, top scorers over the past several decades cleave naturally into five different groups:

Radar plots showing the five different clusters of scorer type, with the same shot attempt splits used to generate the clusters

Figure 3: Radar plots showing the five different clusters of scorer type, with the same shot attempt splits used to generate the clusters

We can see from the above radar or spider plot that the five different scorer types, when clustered according to where they get their shot equivalents, exhibit qualitative differences.

  • Balanced shooters get a fair number of looks from all over the court, with a relatively high number of three-point attempts, accompanied by a fair number of midrange shot attempts and shots at the rim.

  • Midrange-averse 3pt shooters are the Daryl Morey architype: they eschew midrange shots in favor of a ton of threes, along with a fair number of shots at the rim and a relatively high number of free throw attempts.

  • Interior-minded midrange guys are, broadly, the anti-Morey dinosaurs who take a ton of midrange shots (almost half of their shot equivalents) while taking few free throws, few shots at the rim, and even fewer threes.

  • Interior specialists with range get a ton of shot attempts at the rim while still taking a non-neglible number of threes and long twos.

  • Finally, Pure paint bruisers, with the lone exception of a young STAT, are Shaq; they take the vast majority of their looks inside the paint and get to the line a bunch.

Balanced shooters

Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select 'balanced shooters'; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Figure 4: Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select ‘balanced shooters’; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Midrange-averse 3pt shooters

Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select 'midrange-averse 3pt shooters'; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Figure 5: Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select ‘midrange-averse 3pt shooters’; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Interior-minded midrange guys

Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select 'interior-minded midrange guys'; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Figure 6: Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select ‘interior-minded midrange guys’; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Interior specialists who can shoot a little

Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select 'interior specialists who can shoot a little'; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Figure 7: Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select ‘interior specialists who can shoot a little’; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Pure paint bruisers

Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select 'pure paint bruisers'; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Figure 8: Shot attempts and shooting percentages for select ‘pure paint bruisers’; player figures represented by blue circles, group-wide figures represented by empty black circles

Full Top Scorer Table

Rank Player Year PPG TS % Three Point Take % Long Midrange Take % Short Midrange Take % Non-Restr Paint Take % Restricted Area Take % Free Throw Take % Three Point Make % Long Midrange Make % Short Midrange Make % Non-Restr Paint Make % Restricted Area Make % Free Throw Make % Cluster
1 Kobe Bryant 2005-06 35.4 0.559 0.204 0.240 0.145 0.090 0.178 0.142 0.351 0.424 0.424 0.493 0.601 0.850 Balanced shooters
2 Allen Iverson 2005-06 33.0 0.543 0.102 0.166 0.179 0.134 0.253 0.167 0.324 0.375 0.440 0.440 0.553 0.814 Interior-minded midrange guys
3 Tracy McGrady 2002-03 32.1 0.564 0.209 0.238 0.117 0.056 0.230 0.150 0.389 0.417 0.462 0.370 0.580 0.793 Balanced shooters
4 Kevin Durant 2013-14 32.0 0.635 0.240 0.085 0.164 0.135 0.202 0.174 0.392 0.466 0.433 0.404 0.775 0.873 Balanced shooters
5 Russell Westbrook 2016-17 31.6 0.554 0.252 0.098 0.160 0.072 0.258 0.160 0.344 0.350 0.371 0.401 0.572 0.845 Balanced shooters
6 Kobe Bryant 2006-07 31.6 0.580 0.189 0.219 0.140 0.097 0.194 0.161 0.346 0.417 0.474 0.480 0.613 0.868 Balanced shooters
7 Allen Iverson 2001-02 31.4 0.489 0.139 0.203 0.197 0.115 0.213 0.134 0.291 0.381 0.351 0.335 0.563 0.812 Interior-minded midrange guys
8 LeBron James 2005-06 31.4 0.568 0.172 0.187 0.102 0.067 0.307 0.165 0.340 0.393 0.368 0.370 0.677 0.738 Interior specialists with range
9 Allen Iverson 2000-01 31.1 0.518 0.143 0.171 0.170 0.153 0.215 0.149 0.322 0.456 0.312 0.283 0.641 0.814 Interior-minded midrange guys
10 Allen Iverson 2004-05 30.7 0.532 0.155 0.174 0.144 0.098 0.268 0.160 0.310 0.382 0.375 0.425 0.545 0.835 Interior specialists with range
11 James Harden 2017-18 30.4 0.619 0.407 0.024 0.048 0.084 0.255 0.181 0.368 0.372 0.400 0.369 0.624 0.858 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
12 Dwyane Wade 2008-09 30.2 0.574 0.129 0.242 0.102 0.078 0.285 0.164 0.322 0.406 0.439 0.509 0.660 0.765 Interior specialists with range
13 Kevin Durant 2009-10 30.1 0.607 0.172 0.154 0.179 0.110 0.203 0.181 0.366 0.392 0.401 0.489 0.693 0.900 Balanced shooters
14 Stephen Curry 2015-16 30.1 0.669 0.496 0.069 0.045 0.064 0.226 0.100 0.457 0.397 0.468 0.487 0.659 0.908 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
15 Kobe Bryant 2002-03 30.0 0.550 0.143 0.226 0.185 0.116 0.190 0.141 0.389 0.426 0.390 0.388 0.634 0.843 Interior-minded midrange guys
16 LeBron James 2007-08 30.0 0.568 0.180 0.173 0.083 0.073 0.319 0.171 0.317 0.379 0.333 0.389 0.697 0.712 Interior specialists with range
17 Jerry Stackhouse 2000-01 29.8 0.521 0.207 0.192 0.200 0.046 0.198 0.156 0.351 0.347 0.352 0.292 0.583 0.822 Balanced shooters
18 LeBron James 2009-10 29.7 0.604 0.205 0.199 0.061 0.064 0.288 0.182 0.337 0.399 0.354 0.425 0.745 0.767 Interior specialists with range
19 Shaquille O’Neal 1999-00 29.7 0.578 0.000 0.000 0.100 0.344 0.376 0.179 0.000 0.000 0.340 0.453 0.748 0.524 Pure paint bruisers
20 Michael Jordan 1996-97 29.6 0.567 0.062 0.229 0.331 0.087 0.173 0.118 0.338 0.466 0.505 0.511 0.518 0.833 Interior-minded midrange guys
21 Gilbert Arenas 2005-06 29.3 0.581 0.266 0.194 0.100 0.058 0.208 0.174 0.371 0.412 0.443 0.373 0.604 0.820 Balanced shooters
22 James Harden 2016-17 29.1 0.613 0.392 0.034 0.048 0.104 0.219 0.202 0.349 0.409 0.413 0.362 0.655 0.847 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
23 James Harden 2015-16 29.0 0.598 0.331 0.069 0.090 0.095 0.230 0.186 0.359 0.423 0.391 0.367 0.607 0.860 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
24 Carmelo Anthony 2006-07 28.9 0.552 0.086 0.189 0.138 0.075 0.365 0.147 0.272 0.379 0.353 0.402 0.637 0.808 Interior specialists with range
25 Isaiah Thomas 2016-17 28.9 0.625 0.367 0.045 0.042 0.082 0.301 0.162 0.379 0.506 0.466 0.448 0.562 0.909 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
26 Michael Jordan 1997-98 28.7 0.533 0.056 0.212 0.287 0.095 0.207 0.144 0.234 0.425 0.438 0.452 0.615 0.784 Interior-minded midrange guys
27 Shaquille O’Neal 2000-01 28.7 0.574 0.001 0.002 0.105 0.308 0.354 0.231 0.000 0.333 0.371 0.411 0.774 0.513 Pure paint bruisers
28 Carmelo Anthony 2012-13 28.7 0.560 0.240 0.149 0.187 0.040 0.253 0.132 0.383 0.433 0.456 0.397 0.530 0.830 Balanced shooters
29 Kobe Bryant 2000-01 28.5 0.552 0.111 0.210 0.188 0.136 0.214 0.140 0.308 0.443 0.385 0.456 0.647 0.853 Interior-minded midrange guys
30 Gilbert Arenas 2006-07 28.4 0.565 0.312 0.195 0.076 0.037 0.210 0.170 0.353 0.390 0.404 0.348 0.560 0.844 Balanced shooters
31 LeBron James 2008-09 28.4 0.591 0.194 0.201 0.069 0.078 0.285 0.173 0.351 0.384 0.321 0.414 0.725 0.780 Interior specialists with range
32 Allen Iverson 1999-00 28.4 0.496 0.130 0.185 0.174 0.131 0.244 0.136 0.338 0.396 0.330 0.202 0.665 0.713 Interior-minded midrange guys
33 Kobe Bryant 2007-08 28.3 0.576 0.203 0.209 0.119 0.092 0.214 0.162 0.367 0.375 0.410 0.516 0.636 0.840 Balanced shooters
34 Shaquille O’Neal 1997-98 28.3 0.587 0.000 0.001 0.095 0.246 0.450 0.207 NaN 0.000 0.333 0.466 0.704 0.527 Pure paint bruisers
35 Kevin Durant 2015-16 28.2 0.634 0.301 0.103 0.144 0.121 0.194 0.137 0.387 0.436 0.537 0.497 0.707 0.898 Balanced shooters
36 Carmelo Anthony 2009-10 28.2 0.548 0.106 0.216 0.126 0.088 0.313 0.152 0.316 0.384 0.480 0.310 0.590 0.830 Interior specialists with range
37 Russell Westbrook 2014-15 28.1 0.536 0.163 0.115 0.138 0.110 0.310 0.164 0.301 0.366 0.370 0.389 0.554 0.835 Interior specialists with range
38 Kevin Durant 2012-13 28.1 0.647 0.189 0.115 0.151 0.162 0.196 0.187 0.416 0.446 0.459 0.470 0.711 0.905 Balanced shooters
39 Anthony Davis 2017-18 28.1 0.612 0.092 0.108 0.127 0.170 0.350 0.153 0.346 0.323 0.399 0.468 0.731 0.828 Interior specialists with range
40 Kevin Durant 2011-12 28.0 0.610 0.226 0.114 0.173 0.142 0.200 0.145 0.388 0.474 0.458 0.419 0.719 0.860 Balanced shooters
41 Tracy McGrady 2003-04 28.0 0.526 0.286 0.282 0.102 0.032 0.174 0.123 0.339 0.425 0.393 0.310 0.568 0.796 Balanced shooters
42 Anthony Davis 2016-17 28.0 0.580 0.073 0.156 0.160 0.186 0.267 0.157 0.303 0.408 0.448 0.457 0.685 0.802 Interior-minded midrange guys
43 Kobe Bryant 2011-12 27.9 0.527 0.187 0.207 0.183 0.157 0.138 0.129 0.304 0.407 0.414 0.433 0.651 0.845 Balanced shooters
44 Kevin Durant 2010-11 27.7 0.589 0.226 0.207 0.155 0.100 0.151 0.162 0.350 0.406 0.430 0.424 0.765 0.880 Balanced shooters
45 Vince Carter 2000-01 27.6 0.551 0.211 0.222 0.150 0.075 0.224 0.118 0.409 0.442 0.394 0.355 0.607 0.765 Balanced shooters
46 Allen Iverson 2002-03 27.6 0.500 0.133 0.231 0.165 0.082 0.246 0.143 0.275 0.437 0.316 0.398 0.540 0.774 Interior-minded midrange guys
47 Kobe Bryant 2004-05 27.6 0.563 0.236 0.139 0.118 0.094 0.231 0.181 0.342 0.393 0.311 0.474 0.602 0.816 Balanced shooters
48 Shaquille O’Neal 2002-03 27.5 0.602 0.000 0.001 0.084 0.273 0.434 0.208 NaN 0.000 0.302 0.398 0.738 0.622 Pure paint bruisers
49 LeBron James 2017-18 27.5 0.621 0.223 0.087 0.079 0.090 0.392 0.129 0.368 0.361 0.420 0.350 0.752 0.731 Interior specialists with range
50 Carmelo Anthony 2013-14 27.4 0.561 0.219 0.185 0.223 0.060 0.186 0.127 0.407 0.452 0.434 0.416 0.544 0.848 Balanced shooters
51 Karl Malone 1996-97 27.4 0.600 0.001 0.157 0.258 0.061 0.360 0.162 0.000 0.512 0.415 0.487 0.677 0.755 Interior-minded midrange guys
52 James Harden 2014-15 27.4 0.605 0.302 0.086 0.065 0.070 0.278 0.198 0.375 0.344 0.412 0.302 0.582 0.868 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
53 Kobe Bryant 2012-13 27.3 0.570 0.215 0.177 0.114 0.136 0.210 0.148 0.324 0.397 0.462 0.476 0.653 0.839 Balanced shooters
54 LeBron James 2006-07 27.3 0.552 0.158 0.174 0.128 0.084 0.296 0.160 0.319 0.329 0.381 0.401 0.712 0.698 Interior specialists with range
55 DeMar DeRozan 2016-17 27.3 0.552 0.066 0.211 0.198 0.206 0.163 0.156 0.273 0.378 0.448 0.492 0.657 0.842 Interior-minded midrange guys
56 Dwyane Wade 2005-06 27.2 0.577 0.038 0.199 0.122 0.121 0.319 0.201 0.197 0.372 0.402 0.465 0.661 0.783 Interior specialists with range
57 Shaquille O’Neal 2001-02 27.2 0.590 0.001 0.000 0.085 0.281 0.429 0.204 0.000 NaN 0.288 0.431 0.736 0.555 Pure paint bruisers
58 LeBron James 2004-05 27.2 0.554 0.157 0.184 0.122 0.110 0.284 0.142 0.353 0.384 0.325 0.338 0.711 0.750 Interior specialists with range
59 LeBron James 2011-12 27.1 0.605 0.107 0.194 0.126 0.116 0.299 0.159 0.362 0.390 0.474 0.435 0.745 0.771 Interior specialists with range
60 LeBron James 2013-14 27.1 0.649 0.190 0.116 0.087 0.086 0.361 0.160 0.379 0.396 0.371 0.504 0.783 0.750 Interior specialists with range
61 Chris Webber 2000-01 27.1 0.516 0.015 0.255 0.154 0.218 0.248 0.110 0.074 0.415 0.410 0.378 0.708 0.703 Interior-minded midrange guys
62 Karl Malone 1997-98 27.0 0.597 0.003 0.201 0.234 0.062 0.302 0.198 0.333 0.495 0.469 0.333 0.643 0.761 Interior-minded midrange guys
63 Damian Lillard 2016-17 27.0 0.586 0.334 0.103 0.065 0.107 0.252 0.139 0.371 0.452 0.398 0.364 0.586 0.895 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
64 Kobe Bryant 2009-10 27.0 0.545 0.166 0.169 0.191 0.152 0.191 0.132 0.331 0.430 0.471 0.456 0.577 0.811 Interior-minded midrange guys
65 DeMarcus Cousins 2016-17 27.0 0.562 0.208 0.106 0.044 0.134 0.337 0.171 0.366 0.377 0.307 0.391 0.575 0.772 Interior specialists with range
66 DeMarcus Cousins 2015-16 26.9 0.538 0.129 0.118 0.046 0.165 0.363 0.180 0.335 0.372 0.311 0.347 0.584 0.718 Interior specialists with range
67 Damian Lillard 2017-18 26.9 0.594 0.381 0.089 0.055 0.076 0.255 0.143 0.361 0.442 0.538 0.421 0.538 0.916 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
68 Giannis Antetokounmpo 2017-18 26.9 0.598 0.082 0.121 0.078 0.136 0.415 0.168 0.304 0.328 0.351 0.380 0.715 0.760 Interior specialists with range
69 Kobe Bryant 2008-09 26.8 0.561 0.170 0.219 0.168 0.134 0.182 0.127 0.353 0.436 0.400 0.496 0.654 0.856 Balanced shooters
70 Tracy McGrady 2000-01 26.8 0.521 0.083 0.201 0.207 0.112 0.267 0.130 0.360 0.415 0.417 0.419 0.568 0.733 Interior-minded midrange guys
71 LeBron James 2012-13 26.8 0.640 0.160 0.148 0.106 0.098 0.340 0.148 0.406 0.455 0.399 0.494 0.760 0.753 Interior specialists with range
72 Paul Pierce 2005-06 26.8 0.582 0.171 0.160 0.122 0.061 0.290 0.197 0.354 0.450 0.430 0.327 0.602 0.772 Interior specialists with range
73 Glen Rice 1996-97 26.8 0.605 0.104 0.239 0.141 0.057 0.325 0.135 0.508 0.533 0.453 0.475 0.437 0.867 Interior specialists with range
74 LeBron James 2010-11 26.7 0.594 0.155 0.198 0.077 0.125 0.281 0.165 0.332 0.443 0.453 0.410 0.720 0.759 Interior specialists with range
75 Dwyane Wade 2009-10 26.6 0.562 0.132 0.166 0.129 0.093 0.311 0.170 0.305 0.359 0.363 0.423 0.676 0.761 Interior specialists with range
76 Dirk Nowitzki 2005-06 26.6 0.589 0.146 0.182 0.237 0.149 0.142 0.144 0.414 0.492 0.473 0.445 0.591 0.901 Interior-minded midrange guys
77 Carmelo Anthony 2005-06 26.5 0.563 0.078 0.232 0.111 0.048 0.366 0.166 0.252 0.457 0.312 0.356 0.616 0.808 Interior specialists with range
78 LeBron James 2016-17 26.4 0.619 0.216 0.069 0.099 0.077 0.390 0.148 0.364 0.312 0.397 0.393 0.761 0.674 Interior specialists with range
79 Allen Iverson 2007-08 26.4 0.567 0.143 0.155 0.122 0.141 0.254 0.184 0.349 0.432 0.416 0.424 0.574 0.809 Interior specialists with range
80 Kevin Durant 2017-18 26.4 0.640 0.294 0.130 0.151 0.122 0.175 0.127 0.422 0.478 0.507 0.509 0.718 0.889 Balanced shooters
81 Allen Iverson 2006-07 26.3 0.540 0.123 0.145 0.187 0.140 0.235 0.170 0.313 0.387 0.417 0.419 0.580 0.795 Interior-minded midrange guys
82 Paul Pierce 2001-02 26.1 0.570 0.274 0.142 0.141 0.059 0.233 0.151 0.405 0.427 0.355 0.318 0.584 0.809 Balanced shooters
83 Kevin Love 2013-14 26.1 0.591 0.295 0.096 0.094 0.116 0.234 0.164 0.380 0.405 0.381 0.381 0.652 0.821 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
84 Dirk Nowitzki 2004-05 26.1 0.578 0.129 0.252 0.212 0.074 0.155 0.178 0.403 0.429 0.406 0.454 0.632 0.869 Interior-minded midrange guys
85 Amar’e Stoudemire 2004-05 26.0 0.617 0.008 0.092 0.150 0.165 0.377 0.208 0.231 0.445 0.443 0.444 0.693 0.733 Pure paint bruisers
86 James Harden 2012-13 25.9 0.600 0.287 0.086 0.042 0.103 0.275 0.207 0.369 0.354 0.296 0.312 0.605 0.851 Midrange-averse 3pt shooters
87 Paul Pierce 2002-03 25.9 0.532 0.201 0.158 0.139 0.075 0.254 0.173 0.306 0.337 0.378 0.299 0.613 0.802 Balanced shooters
88 Mitch Richmond 1996-97 25.9 0.578 0.118 0.329 0.163 0.059 0.202 0.129 0.413 0.433 0.443 0.421 0.533 0.861 Interior-minded midrange guys
89 Dirk Nowitzki 2008-09 25.9 0.564 0.091 0.215 0.297 0.135 0.132 0.129 0.361 0.464 0.486 0.450 0.600 0.890 Interior-minded midrange guys
90 Danny Granger 2008-09 25.8 0.584 0.303 0.184 0.085 0.091 0.200 0.137 0.406 0.426 0.424 0.333 0.591 0.878 Balanced shooters
91 Grant Hill 1999-00 25.8 0.565 0.057 0.161 0.237 0.078 0.310 0.158 0.354 0.410 0.419 0.356 0.646 0.795 Interior-minded midrange guys
92 Vince Carter 1999-00 25.7 0.543 0.119 0.199 0.248 0.092 0.218 0.125 0.413 0.424 0.386 0.418 0.644 0.791 Interior-minded midrange guys
93 Carmelo Anthony 2007-08 25.7 0.568 0.090 0.200 0.154 0.081 0.326 0.150 0.372 0.460 0.383 0.307 0.648 0.786 Interior specialists with range
94 Tracy McGrady 2004-05 25.7 0.526 0.226 0.284 0.100 0.056 0.205 0.129 0.331 0.447 0.365 0.393 0.567 0.774 Balanced shooters
95 Tracy McGrady 2001-02 25.6 0.532 0.152 0.202 0.134 0.101 0.277 0.134 0.372 0.356 0.402 0.405 0.609 0.748 Interior specialists with range
96 Carmelo Anthony 2010-11 25.6 0.557 0.141 0.200 0.135 0.070 0.304 0.151 0.382 0.442 0.387 0.298 0.566 0.838 Interior specialists with range
97 Karl Malone 1999-00 25.5 0.582 0.004 0.178 0.280 0.081 0.276 0.181 0.250 0.424 0.438 0.393 0.675 0.797 Interior-minded midrange guys
98 Dwyane Wade 2010-11 25.5 0.581 0.122 0.123 0.103 0.138 0.342 0.172 0.309 0.390 0.419 0.409 0.671 0.758 Interior specialists with range
99 Kawhi Leonard 2016-17 25.5 0.610 0.250 0.135 0.168 0.137 0.158 0.152 0.381 0.483 0.465 0.514 0.648 0.880 Balanced shooters
100 Monta Ellis 2009-10 25.5 0.517 0.142 0.219 0.111 0.097 0.322 0.109 0.344 0.387 0.379 0.373 0.588 0.753 Interior specialists with range